Aikido: Ai = Harmony; Ki = Spirit/Energy; Do = The way or path. The way of harmony with the spirit of the Universe.
Aikibojitsu: Art of the staff (bo), as developed by the founder of Northcoast Aikido, Tom Read Sensei.
Ai‑hanmi: Mutual stance. Partners stand facing one another with the same foot forward, i.e., right/right.
Atemi: A strike directed toward an attacker meant to unbalance rather than injure.
Bo: Wooden staff.
Bokken: Wooden sword.
Budo: Warrior way. The group of disciplines that simultaneously teach martial technique and guide mental and spiritual development.
Bushido: Warrior’s code. The traditional rules of the samurai.
Dan: Black belt rank.
Deshi: Student, pupil, disciple.
Dojo: Training hall.
Dojo Cho: Chief instructor of a dojo.
Dosa: An exercise.
Doshu: ‘Grandmaster.’ Following the traditional Japanese custom, the position of Doshu has been made hereditary. The current Doshu, Ueshiba Moriteru, is the founder’s grandson.
Gaeshi: (gah‑ee‑shi) To reverse.
Gi: Training uniform. (also called dogi)
Gyaku‑hanmi: (gee‑yah‑koo‑hahn‑mee) Opposite stance. Partners stand with their opposite feet forward, i.e., right/left (mirror image).
Hakama: A divided, pant‑like skirt (worn by yudansha in many dojos).
Hanmi: Triangular stance. Literally means ‘half‑body.’
Hanmi Handachi: Nage (thrower) is kneeling and uke (attacker) approaches from a standing position.
Hara: Lower abdomen, physical and spiritual center.
Irimi: To enter; entering an attacker’s space.
Jiyu Waza: Free style practice.
Jo: Wooden staff, usually shorter than a bo.
Kaiten: To revolve or rotate.
Kamae: Ready stance.
Kata (1): Shoulder
Kata (2): Prearranged exercise that teaches basic forms and principles.
Keiko: Practice session; training.
Ken: Japanese sword.
Ki: Spirit; the vital force of the body; Universal Energy.
Kiai: A focused vocalization that unifies all parts of the body and spirit.
Kihon: Basic form of a technique.
Kokyu: Breath; energy/ki flow and the motions of the body unified by control of the breath.
Kumi‑tachi: Sword practices done with a partner.
Kumi-jo: Jo practices done with a partner.
Kyu: Ranks below black belt.
Ma‑ai: The appropriate distance between uke and nage. Means ‘harmony of space.’
Men: Face, head.
Misogi: ‘Purification.’ With purification of body and mind, we can remove and restore, our true selves ‑‑ O’Sensei considered all Aikido techniques to be form of misogi.
Mudansha: Students of kyu grade (not yet black belt rank).
Musubi: Uniting, bonding.
Nage: Throw. Also the person who throws.
O’Sensei: “The Great Teacher.’ Morihei Ueshiba, founder of aikido.
Randori: Multiple person attack.
Rei: (ray) Salutation, bow.
Sempai: Senior student
Seiza: Formal sitting posture.
Shihan: Master instructor.
Shiho: Four, directions.
Shikko: Knee walking.
Shomen (1): Front of a dojo. Often there is a photo of the Founder.
Shomen (2): Front or top of a person’s head.
Suburi: A single movement using the ken or jo; done as a solo practice.
Suwari Waza: Techniques done from a kneeling position.
Tachi‑dori: Techniques of taking an opponent’s sword.
Tai-jutsu: Body arts. The techniques of Aikido done without weapons.
Take‑musu‑aiki: Term used by the Founder describing the advanced levels of aikido. The creation of aiki techniques from a thorough understanding of aiki principles.
Tao: Chinese; ‘Do,’ the path, discipline, way. This is the same as “do” in the word Aikido.
Tegatana: Hand blade. Sword edge of the hand, located between the little finger and the wrist.
Tsuki: Thrust, punch.
Uchi: To strike.
Ueshiba Morihei: (Oo‑ahy‑shee‑ba, Mor‑ee‑hay) Founder of Aikido. O’Sensei. In Japan it is traditional for the family name to precede the given name.
Uke: ‘To Receive.’ A person who receives a technique. Generally, ‘Uke’ refers to the person attacking and being thrown.
Ukemi: (oo‑kem‑ee). The art of falling. ‘To receive through the body.’
Ushiro: Back, behind, rear.
Yokomen: Side of‑the head.
Yudansha: Person holding black belt rank.
Zanshin: Unbroken spirit. The concentrated. connection that remains with one’s partner even after the throw has been completed.