Vocabulary

Aikido: Ai = Harmony; Ki = Spirit/Energy; Do = The way or path. The way of harmony with the spirit of the Universe.

Aikibojitsu: Art of the staff (bo), as developed by the founder of Northcoast Aikido, Tom Read Sensei.

Ai‑hanmi: Mutual stance.   Partners stand facing one another with the same foot  forward, i.e., right/right.

Atemi: A strike directed toward an attacker meant to unbalance rather than injure.

Bo: Wooden staff.

Bokken: Wooden sword.

Budo: Warrior way. The group of disciplines that simultaneously teach martial technique and guide mental and spiritual development.

Bushido: Warrior’s code. The traditional rules of the samurai.

Dan: Black belt rank.

Deshi:  Student, pupil, disciple.

Dojo: Training hall.

Dojo Cho: Chief instructor of a dojo.

Dosa: An exercise.

Doshu: ‘Grandmaster.’  Following the traditional Japanese custom, the position of Doshu has been made hereditary. The current Doshu, Ueshiba Moriteru, is the founder’s grandson.

Gaeshi: (gah‑ee‑shi) To reverse.

Gi: Training uniform. (also called dogi)

Gyaku‑hanmi:  (gee‑yah‑koo‑hahn‑mee) Opposite stance. Partners stand with their opposite feet forward, i.e.,  right/left (mirror image).

Hakama: A divided, pant‑like skirt (worn by yudansha in many dojos).

Hanmi: Triangular stance. Literally means ‘half‑body.’

Hanmi Handachi: Nage (thrower) is kneeling and uke (attacker) approaches from a standing position.

Hara: Lower abdomen, physical and spiritual center.

Irimi: To enter; entering an attacker’s space.

Jiyu Waza: Free style practice.

Jo: Wooden staff, usually shorter than a bo.

Kaiten: To revolve or rotate.

Kamae: Ready stance.

Kata (1): Shoulder

Kata (2): Prearranged exercise that teaches basic forms and principles.

Keiko: Practice session; training.

Ken:  Japanese sword.

Ki: Spirit; the vital force of the body; Universal Energy.

Kiai: A focused vocalization that unifies all parts of the body and spirit.

Kihon: Basic form of a technique.

Kokyu: Breath; energy/ki flow and the motions of the body unified by control of the breath.

Kumi‑tachi: Sword practices done with a partner.

Kumi-jo: Jo practices done with a partner.

Kyu: Ranks below black belt.

Ma‑ai: The appropriate distance between uke and nage.  Means ‘harmony of space.’

Men: Face, head.

Misogi: ‘Purification.’ With purification of body and mind, we can remove and restore, our true selves ‑‑ O’Sensei considered all Aikido techniques to be form of misogi.

Mudansha: Students of kyu grade (not yet black belt rank).

Musubi:  Uniting, bonding.

Nage: Throw.  Also the person who throws.

Obi:  Belt.

O’Sensei: “The Great Teacher.’ Morihei Ueshiba, founder of aikido.

Randori: Multiple person attack.

Rei: (ray) Salutation, bow.

Sempai: Senior student

Sensei: Teacher/instructor.

Seiza: Formal sitting posture.

Shihan: Master instructor.

Shiho:  Four, directions.

Shikko: Knee walking.

Shomen (1): Front of a dojo.  Often there is a photo of the Founder.

Shomen (2): Front or top of a person’s head.

Suburi:  A single movement using the ken or jo; done as a solo practice.

Suwari Waza: Techniques done from a kneeling position.

Tachi‑dori: Techniques of taking an opponent’s sword.

Tai-jutsu: Body arts. The techniques of Aikido done without weapons.

Take‑musu‑aiki: Term used by the Founder describing the advanced levels of aikido. The creation of aiki techniques from a thorough understanding of aiki principles.

Tanto: Knife.

Tao:  Chinese; ‘Do,’ the path, discipline, way. This is the same as “do” in the word Aikido.

Te: Hand.

Tegatana: Hand blade. Sword edge of the hand, located between the little finger and the wrist.

Tsuki: Thrust, punch.

Uchi: To strike.

Ueshiba Morihei:  (Oo‑ahy‑shee‑ba, Mor‑ee‑hay) Founder of Aikido. O’Sensei. In Japan it is traditional for the family name to precede the given name.

Uke: ‘To Receive.’  A person who receives a technique. Generally, ‘Uke’ refers to the person attacking and being thrown.

Ukemi: (oo‑kem‑ee). The art of falling. ‘To receive through the body.’

Ushiro:  Back, behind, rear.

Waza:   Technique.

Yokomen: Side of‑the head.

Yudansha: Person holding black belt rank.

Zanshin: Unbroken spirit. The concentrated. connection that remains with one’s partner even after the throw has been completed.